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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 159-165

Dietary approaches in management of noncommunicable diseases: A review


Department of Home Science, The Gandhigram Rural Institute-Deemed to be University, Dindigul, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Ms. Janeline Lunghar
Department of Home Science, The Gandhigram Rural Institute-Deemed to be University, Gandhigram, Dindigul - 624 302, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jncd.jncd_63_21

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The prevalence of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) has increased drastically over recent decades, with 41 million deaths each year, equivalent to 71% of all deaths globally. Unhealthy food choices and food habits, excessive calories, and inactivity are apparent factors to NCDs, namely obesity, diabetes mellitus, cancer, and cardiovascular disease. Healthy dietary intake and calorie restrictions have a promising effect on longevity. Eventually, adopting these strategies may delay the onset and decrease the burden of NCDs. Recent findings proved that nutrition has a strong association with the prevalence of NCDs. American Institute for Cancer Research and the World Cancer Research Fund says 30%–40% of cancers are preventable by adopting healthy food choices, dietary restrictions, engaging in physical activity, and maintaining body mass index. This review focuses on dietary intake and dietary restrictions and finally leads to understand the vital role of gut microbiome in managing NCDs.


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