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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 137-141

Poor risk factor control among stroke survivors - A cross-sectional survey


1 Achutha Menon Centre for Health Sciences Studies, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
2 Department of Neurology, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
3 Achutha Menon Centre for Health Sciences Studies, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram; Research Director, Amala Cancer Research Centre, Thrissur, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. S D Shani
Achutha Menon Centre for Health Sciences Studies, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jncd.jncd_36_21

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Objectives: A cross-sectional survey was done to find out the prevalence and control status of cardiovascular risk factors among stroke survivors within a post-stroke period of 3 months to 1 year. Methodology: The data on the prevalence of risk factors were taken from past medical history and medical records. The risk factor control is defined as achieving the targeted levels of blood pressure, blood sugars and cholesterol. Data on a diet, physical activity, tobacco use, and alcohol consumption were also collected. Standard instruments were used to measure blood pressure, weight, height, and waist circumference (WC). The blood sugar and lipid values were taken from labratory reports. Results: Stroke survivors (N = 240) participated. Around 75% of the participants were obese or overweight. Normal WC was found only in 25% of the participants. Majority of the participants were not following a healthy diet (62.5%) or doing recommended physical activity (87.1%). The prevalence of diabetes (61.2%), hypertension (88.6%), and dyslipidemia (96%) were high among stroke survivors. The targeted level of diabetic control and hypertension control level was achieved by 26% and 36.2, respectively, while around 72% attained lipid control. Conclusion: The prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors is very high among stroke survivors, and it is poorly controlled.


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