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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 72-76

Smoking and periodontal disease severity, probing pocket depth and bleeding on probing

1 Division of Periodontology, Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, University of Ha'il, Ha'il, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Periodontology and Implantology, Pacific Dental College and Research Center, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India
3 Department of Periodontology and Implantology, Ragas Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
4 Consultant Daental Surgeon, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
5 Division of Dental Public Health, Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, University of Ha'il, Ha'il, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
6 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Saraswati Dhanwantari Dental College and Hospital and Post-graduate Research Institute, Parbhani, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Abhishek Singh Nayyar
SD Dental College, NH 222, Pathri Road, Parbhani, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jncd.jncd_23_21

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Background and Objective: The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether severity of disease process differed between smokers and nonsmokers and to study characteristic differences in pattern of periodontal disease in smokers in a group of known chronic periodontitis patients. Materials and Methods: The study included 150 individuals in an age range of 35–60 years wherein periodontal evaluation including probing pocket depth (PPD) and bleeding on probing (BOP) was performed using Williams's periodontal probe. For both the parameters (PPD and BOP), mean scores were calculated from different quadrants of the oral cavity while the results obtained were subjected to statistical analysis. Results: The mean percentage of sites that presented with BOP was higher for nonsmokers compared with smokers. Furthermore, smokers had more number of pockets and pockets with increased PPD. On analysis of buccal and lingual sides, also, it was observed that smokers had more number of sites with PPD of ≥5 mm than nonsmokers. Conclusion: From the results, it could be concluded that smoking is associated with more severe periodontal attachment and bone loss and deeper periodontal pockets.

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