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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 93-97

Assessment of knowledge regarding self-management of bronchial asthma among patients attending the outpatient department of a North Zone tertiary care center

1 National Institute of Nursing Education, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India
2 Department of Pulmonary Medicine, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ankita Sukhpal Kaur
National Institute of Nursing Education, PGIMER, Chandigarh - 160 012
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jncd.jncd_30_19

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Background: Bronchial asthma is a well-known chronic illness with a significant burden. The chronic nature of the disease demands time to time management. Knowledge about the disease condition is essential to understand the dynamic nature of the symptoms. Therefore, it is important to assess the knowledge of the patients related to disease, so that further teaching can be planned to educate them about their disease condition and self-management measures. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge of patients regarding self-management of bronchial asthma. Materials and Methods: One hundred and thirty-five participants with varying asthma severity were enrolled in the study group. Each participant was interviewed using a prevalidated questionnaire consisting of 19 items. The items were divided into three subcategory questions related to disease condition, triggering factors and symptoms, and correct inhalation device use and acute management. The scores were categorized into three categories, namely poor (0–6), moderate (7–12), and good (13–19) knowledge score. Results: Poor knowledge has been seen in 10.37%. The mean knowledge score of the participants was 10.24 ± 3.11 and ranged from 4 to 17. There was a negative linear correlation between duration of diagnosis and knowledge score (r = −0.16, P > 0.05). A slight positive linear correlation was seen in age and knowledge score (r = 0.2, P < 0.05), and a negative linear correlation was spotted in educational status and knowledge score (r = −0.24, P < 0.05). Conclusion: Written educational material should be routinely provided to patients to enhance their understanding and knowledge about disease condition and its proper management.

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