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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 80-85

Contribution of single-nucleotide polymorphism in transcription factor 7-like 2 gene to cardiometabolic risk in adult Nigerians

1 Department of Clinical Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
2 Department of Cell Biology and Genetics, Faculty of Science, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
3 Department of Molecular Biology, DNA Laboratory, Sickle Cell Foundation Nigeria, Lagos, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ifeoma Christiana Udenze
Department of Clinical Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jncd.jncd_1_19

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Background: Single-nucleotide polymorphism in the gene, transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2), shows the strongest and most consistent association with risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D). TCF7L2 has been associated with both impaired beta-cell function and insulin resistance. Gene variants of TCF7L2 may, therefore, contribute to cardiometabolic risk (CMR) and metabolic syndrome (MS). Aims and Objectives: The study aims to examine the relationship between gene variants in TCF7L2 with MS and CMR. Methods: Three hundred and fifty-six adult Nigerians aged between 40 and 100 years participated in a cross-sectional, analytical study. The association between TCF7L2 genotypes and MS and its components was determined. The data were analyzed, and statistical significance was set at P< 0.05. Results: Three hundred and fifty-six individuals participated in the study (35.6% of males and 64.2% of females). About 64.9% of participants had T2D. The prevalence of MS was 26.4%. Among the individuals with the wild-type homozygote genotype CC, heterozygote genotype CT, and homozygote mutant TT, 24.9%, 27.2%, and 30.6% had MS, respectively. The risk T allele was associated with higher mean values of waist circumference and triglyceride than the C allele (P = 0.006 and 0.022, respectively). The T allele had a significant correlation with MS components (P < 0.05). In multivariate regression analysis, quantitative index of insulin resistance (Quantitative Insulin-Sensitivity Check Index) remained independently associated with the T risk allele (P = 0.033). Conclusion: Variants in the TCF7L2 gene are associated with components of MS and correlate with CMR through insulin resistance.

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