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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 126-133

Effectiveness of “percutaneous coronary intervention care program” on selected variables among patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention

1 Department of Nursing, National Institute of Nursing Education, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India
2 Department of Cardiology, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Ms. Poonam Sharma
House No. 1005(L) Type-2 Nuhon Colony, Ghanauli, Ropar - 140 113, Punjab
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jncd.jncd_33_18

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Objective: The study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of “percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) care program” among patients undergoing PCI. Subjects and Methods: A quasi-experimental design was adopted, and purposive sampling technique was used to enroll the patients in the experimental and control groups. Different tools were used to collect the data, which include numerical pain and comfort rating scale, Barthel Index for activities of daily living, assessment for the presence of vascular complications, modified CADEQ-SV questionnaire, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory scale, self-structured satisfaction scale, and PCI manual. Results: There was a significant decrease observed in state anxiety (P < 0.001), pain level at 12 h (P = 0.03), discomfort within 12 h (P < 0.001) and 24 h (P = 0.002), improving knowledge regarding coronary artery disease (CAD) (P < 0.001), and activities of daily living as well as significant increase in satisfaction level (P < 0.001) among patients undergoing PCI in the experimental group than the control group. Conclusion: The study concluded that this program was effective in reducing anxiety, pain, and discomfort and increased satisfaction level, knowledge regarding CAD, and independence in self-care activities for PCI patients.

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