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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 85-91

Knowledge of ovarian cancer in Ibadan: Community-based assessment of women aged 15 years and above

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan and University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
3 Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan and University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
4 Group E2014*

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Timothy Abiola Olusesan Oluwasola
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jncd.jncd_31_17

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Background: Noncommunicable diseases are increasing in proportion in developing countries. Ovarian cancer has the highest case fatality rate among gynecological cancers but forms only 3%. Its etiology is unknown, and no cost-effective screening program exists due to the absence of well-defined precursor lesions. Early symptoms are vague but can be used to detect Stages I and II diseases. Documented knowledge or awareness of ovarian cancer varies between 4.4% and 15%. However, this is the first community-based survey in Africa to determine knowledge of ovarian cancer by females. Materials and Methods: The questionnaire was semi-structured and interviewer administered. Females aged 15 years and above were selected through a four-stage process involving urban/semi-urban settings, local government areas, wards, and units. We randomly selected 424 participants, equally distributed between urban and semi-urban areas. Bivariate and linear regression analyses were done. Results: Most (83.5%) of the respondents were <40 years, married (56.1%), had secondary education (52.4%), Yoruba (92.5%), and Christian (56.1%). With good knowledge score taken as having at least 70% of required information, about 2.8% of respondents had good knowledge of ovarian cancer. Only level of education and occupation significantly affected knowledge of ovarian cancer. Conclusion: There is very poor knowledge about ovarian cancer, its risk factors, symptoms, treatment, and prognosis among females in Ibadan, strongly affected by education and occupation.

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