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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 36-44

Determinants of hypertension among adults in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia: A matched case–control study

1 Department of Research and Programs, n Public Health Association, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
2 Global Health Program, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas, USA
3 Department of Public Health, Martin-Luther University, Halle (Saale), Germany

Correspondence Address:
Alemayehu Bekele Mengesha
Ethiopian Public Health Association, P. O. Box: 7117, Addis Ababa
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jncd.jncd_19_17

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Background: Hypertension has become an epidemic and a global public health challenge resulting in considerable morbidity, mortality, and disability in human beings. There are reports indicating increasing magnitude of hypertension in Ethiopia. Despite this fact, less is known as for the determinants of hypertension. Objective: To assess the determinants of hypertension among adults in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Methods: A matched case–control study design was employed to identify the determinants of hypertension. A total of 117 cases and 235 controls were included in the study. Conditional logistic regression analysis was conducted to identify the determinants of hypertension. Results: Low-income status, moderate work-related physical activity, shorter duration of alcohol use, and normal waist circumference were found to reduce the odds of hypertension. Poor perception on body size and mental stress was found to increase the odds of hypertension. Conclusions: Multifaceted interventions including raising awareness and attitudinal changes on lifestyle modifications have to be intervened to prevent the risky behaviors by different actors.

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